Government of ANDHRA PRADESH
Agricultural Marketing Department
THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS ACT, 1960
NO. 59 OF 1960 [26th December, 1960]
An Act to prevent the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals and for that purpose to amend the law relating to the prevention of cruelty to animals.Be it enacted by Parliament in the Eleventh year of the Republic of India as follows:-
1. Short title extent and commencement. -
(1) This Act may be called the prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.
(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
(3) It shall come into force on such date as the central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, and different dates may be appointed for different States and for the different provision contained in this Act.
2. Definitions. - In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, -
(a)"animal'' means any living creature other than a human being;
(b)"Board'' means the Animal Welfare Board established under section 4;
(c)"captive animal'' means any animal (not being a domestic animal) which is in captivity or confinement, whether permanent or temporary, or which is subjected to any appliance or contrivance for the purpose of hindering or preventing its escape from captivity or confinement or which is pinioned or which is or appears to be maimed;
(d)"domestic animal'' means any animal which is tamed or which has been or is being sufficiently tamed to serve some purpose for the use of man or which, although it neither has been nor is being nor is intended to be so tamed, is or his become in fact wholly or partly tamed;
(e)"local authority'' means a municipal committee, district board or other authority for the time being invested by law with the control and administration of any matters within a specified local area;
(f)"owner'', used with reference to an animal, includes not only the owner but also any other person for the time being in possession or custody of the animal, whether with or without the consent of the owner;
(g)"phooka'' or "doom dev'' includes any process of introducing air or any substance into the female organ of a milch animal with the object of drawing off from the animal any secretion of milk;
(h)"prescribed'' means prescribed by rules made unless this act;
(i)"street'' includes any way, road, lane, square, court, alley, passage or open space, whether a thoroughfare or not, to which the public have access.
3. Duties of persons having charge of animals. - It shall be the duty of every person having the care of charge of any animal to take all reasonable measures to ensure the wellbeing of such animal and to prevent the infliction upon such animal of unnecessary pain or suffering.
ANIMAL WELFARE BOARD
4. Establishment of Animal Welfare Board. -
(1) For the promotion of animal welfare generally and for the purpose of protecting animals from being subject to unnecessary pain or suffering, in particular, there shall be established by the Central Government, as soon as may be after the commencement of this Act, a Board to be called the Animal Welfare Board.
(2) The Board shall be a body corporate having perpetual succession and a common seal with power, subject to the provisions of this Act, of acquire, hold and dispose of property and may be its name sue and be sued.
5. Constitution of the Board.-
(1) The Board shall consist of the following persons, namely:-
(a) the Inspector-General of Forests, Government of India, ex officio;
(b) the Animal Husbandry Commissioner to the Government of India, ex officio;
(c) one person to represent such association of veterinary practitioners as in the opinion of the Central Government ought to be represented on the Board, to be elected by that association in the prescribed manner;
(d) two persons to represent practitioners of modern and indigenous systems of medicine, to be nominated by the Central Government;
(e) one person to represent each of the municipal corporations of Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi and Madras, and one person to represent any other municipal corporation as, in the opinion of the Central Government, ought to be represented on the Board, to be elected by each of the said corporations in the prescribed manner;
(f) one person to represent each of such three organisations actively interested in animal welfare as in the opinion of the Central Government ought to be represented n the Board, to be chosen by each of the said organisations in the prescribed manner;
(g) one person to represented each of such three societies dealing with prevention of cruelty to animal as in the opinion of the Central Government ought to be represented on the Board, to be chosen in the prescribed manner;
(h) three persons to be nominated by the Central Government;
(i) six members of Parliament, four to be elected by the House of the People (Lok Sabha) and two by the Council of States (Rajya Sabha).
(2) Any of the persons referred to in clause (a) or clause (b) of sub-section (1) may depute any other person to attend any of the meetings of the Board.
(3) One of the members of the Board shall be nominated by the Central Government to be its Chairman.
6. Term of office and conditions of services of members of the Board.
(1) Save as otherwise provided in this section, the term of office a member of the Board shall be three years.
(2) Subject to the provisions contained in sub-section (4), the term of office of the member elected to represent any municipal corporation (other than the corporations of Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi and Madras) shall be one year from the date on which such member assumes office.
(3) The term of office of an ex officio member shall continue so long as he holds the office by virtue to which he is such a member.
(4) The term of office of member elected or chosen under clause (c), clause (e), (f) clause (g) or clause (I) of section 5 to represent any body of person shall come to an end as soon as he ceases to be a member of the body which elected him or in respect of which he was chosen.
(5) The term of office of a member nominated, elected or chosen to fill a casual vacancy shall continue for the remainder of the term of office of the member on whose place he is nominated, elected or chosen.
(6) The members of the Board shall receive such allowances it any, as the Board may subject to the previous approval of the Central Government, provide by regulations made by it in this behalf.
(7) No act done or proceeding taken by the Board shall be questioned on the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy in, or defect in the constitution of, the Board.
7. Secretary and other employees of the Board. -
(1) The Central Government shall appoint one of is officers to be the Secretary of the Board.
(2) Subject to such rules as may be made by the Central Government in this behalf, the Board may appoint such number of other officers and employees as may be necessary for the exercise of its powers and the discharge of its functions and may determine the terms and conditions of service of such officers and other employees by regulations made by it with the previous approval of the Central Government.
8. Funds of the Board. - The funds of the Board shall consist of grants made to it from time to time by the Government and of contributions, donations, subscriptions, bequests, gifts and the like made to it by any local authority or by any other person.
9. Function of the Board. - The functions of the Board shall be-
(a) to keep the law in force in India for the prevention of cruelty to animals under constant study and advise the Government on the amendments to be undertaken in any such law from time to time;
(b) to advise the Central Government on the making of rules under this Act with a view to preventing unnecessary pain or suffering to animal generally, and more particularly when they are being transported from one place to another or when they are used as performing animals or when they are kept in captivity or confinement;
(c) to advise the Government or any local authority or other person on improvements in the design of vehicles so as to lessen the burden on draught animals;
(d) to take all such steps as the Board may think fit for ameliorating the conditions of beasts of burden by encouraging, or providing for, the construction of sheds, water-troughs and the like and by providing for veterinary assistance to animals;
(e) to advise the Government or any local authority or other person in the design of slaughter-houses or in the maintenance of slaughter-houses or in connection with slaughter of animals so that unnecessary pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is eliminated in the pre-slaughter stages as far as possible, and animals are killed, wherever necessary, in as humane a manner as possible;
(f) to take all such steps as the Board may think fit to ensure that unwanted animals are destroyed by local authorities whenever it is necessary to do so, either instantaneously or after being rendered insensible to pain or suffering;
(g) to encourage, by the grant of financial assistance or otherwise, the formation of pinjrapoles, sanctuaries and the like where animals and birds may find a shelter when they have become old and useless or when they need protection;
(h) to co-operative with, and co-ordinate the work of, associations or bodies established for the purpose of preventing unnecessary pain or suffering to animals or for the protection of animals and birds;
(i) to give financial and other assistance to animal welfare organisations functioning in any local area or to encourage the formation of animal welfare organisations in any local area which shall work under the general supervision and guidance of the Board.
(j) to advise the Government on matters relating to the medical care and attention which may be provided in animal hospitals and to give financial and other assistance to animal hospitals whenever the Board thinks it necessary to do so;
(k) to impart education in relation to the humane treatment of animals and to encourage the formation of public opinion against the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering to animals and for the promotion of animal welfare by means of lectures, books, posters, cinematographic exhibitions and the like;
(l) to advise the Government on any matter connected with animal welfare or the prevention of infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals.
10. Power of Board to make regulations. - The Board may, subject to the previous approval of the Central Government, make such regulations as it may think fit for the administration of its affairs and for carrying out its functions.
CRUELTY TO ANIMALS GENERALLY
11. Treating animals cruelly. -
(1) If any person-
(a) beats, kicks, over-rides, over-drives, over-loads, tortures or otherwise treats any animals so as to subject it to unnecessary pain or suffering or causes or, being the owner permits, any animal to be so treated; or
(b) employs in any work or labour any animal which, by reason of any disease, infirmity, wound, sore or other cause, is unfit to be so employed or, being the owner, permits any such unfit animal to be so employed; or
(c) wilfully and unreasonably administers any injurious drug or injurious substance to any domestic or captive animal or wilfully and unreasonably causes or attempts to cause any such drug or substance to be taken by any domestic or captive animal; or
(d) conveys or carries, whether in or upon any vehicle or not, any animal in such a manner or position as to subject it to unnecessary pain or suffering; or
(e) keeps or confines any animals in any cage or other receptacle which dose not measure sufficiently in height, length and breadth to permit the animal a reasonable opportunity for movement; or
(f) keeps for an unreasonable time any animal chained or tethered upon an unreasonably short or unreasonably heavy chain or cord; or
(g) being the owner, neglects to exercise or cause to be exercised reasonably any dog habitually chained up or kept in close confinement; or
(h) being the owner of any captive animal, fails to provide such animal with sufficient food, drink or shelter; or
(i) without reasonable cause, abandons any animal in circumstances which render it likely that it will suffer pain by reason of starvation or thirst; or
(j) wilfully permits any animal, of which be is the owner to go at large in any street while the animal is affected with contagious or infectious disease or, without reasonable excuse permits any diseased or disabled animals, of which he is the owner, to die in any street; or
(k) offers for sale or, without reasonable cause, has in his possession any animal which is suffering pain by reason of mutilation, starvation, thirst, overcrowding or other ill-treatment; or
(l) needlessly mutilates any animal or kills any animal in an unnecessarily cruel manner; or
(m) confines or causes to be confined any animal in such a manner as to make it an object of prey for any other animal solely with a view to providing entertainment for other persons; or
(n) for the purposes of his business, organises. keeps, . uses or acts in the management of, any place for animal fighting or for the purpose of baiting any animal or permits or offers any place to be so used or receives money for the admission of any other person to any place kept or used for any such purposes; or
(o) promotes or takes part in any shooting match or competition wherein animals are released from captivity for the purpose of such shooting;he shall be punishable, in the case of a first offence, with fine which may extent to fifty rupees, and, in the case of a second or subsequent offence committed within three years of the previous offence, with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees, or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or with both.
(2) For the purpose of sub-section (1), an owner shall be deemed to have committed an offence if he has failed to exercise reasonable care and supervision with a view to the prevention of such offence:
Provided that where an owner is convicted of permitting cruelty by reason only of having failed to exercise such care and supervision, he shall not be liable to imprisonment without the option of a fine.
(3) Nothing in this section shall apply to-
(a) the dehorning of cattle, or the castration or branding or nose-roping of any animal, in the prescribed manner, or
(b) the destruction of stray dogs in lethal chambers or by other methods with a minimum of suffering; or
(c) the extermination or destruction of any animal under the authority of any law for the time being in force; or
(d) any matter dealt with in Chapter IV; or
(e) the commission or omission of any act in the course of the destruction or the preparation for destruction of any animal as food for mankind unless such destruction or preparation was accompanied by the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering.
12. Penalty for practising phooka or doom dev. - If any person performs upon any cow or other milch animal the operation called phooka or doom dev or permits such operation being performed upon any such animal in his possession or under his control, he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with both, and the animal on which the operation was performed shall be forfeited to the Government.
13. Destruction of suffering animals. -
(1) Where the owner of an animal is convicted of an offence under section 11, it shall be lawful for the court, if the court is satisfied that it would be cruel to keep the animal alive, to direct that the animal be destroyed and to assign the animal to any suitable person for that purpose, and the person toe whom such animal is so assigned shall, as soon as possible, destroy such animal or cause such animal to be destroyed in his presence without unnecessary suffering, and any reasonable expense incurred in destroying the animal may be ordered by the court to be recovered from the owner as if it were a fine:
Provided that unless the owner assents thereto, no order shall be made under this section except upon the evidence of a veterinary officer in charge of the area.
(2) When any magistrate, commissioner of police or district superintendent of police has reason to believe that an offence under section 11 has been committed in respect of any animal, he may direct the immediate destruction of the animal, if in his opinion, it would be cruel to keep the animal alive.
(3) Any police officer above the rank of a constable or any person authorised by the State Government in this behalf who finds nay animal so diseased or so severely injured or in such a physical condition that in his opinion it cannot be removed without cruelty, may, if the owner is absent or refuses his consent to the destruction of the animal, forthwith summon the veterinary officer in charge of the area in which the animal is found, and if the veterinary officer certifies that the animal is mortally injured or so severely injured or in such a physical condition that it would be cruel to injured or in such a physical condition that it would be cruel to keep it alive, the police officer or the person authorised, as the case may be, may, after obtaining orders form a magistrate destroy the animal injured or cause it to be destroyed.
(4) No appeal shall lie from any order of a magistrate for the destruction of an animal.
EXPENRIMENTATION ON ANIMALS
14. Experiments on animals. - Nothing contained a this Act shall render unlawful the performance of experiments (including experiments involving operations) on animals for the purpose of advancement by new discovery of physiological knowledge or of knowledge which will be useful for saving or for prolonging life or alleviating suffering or for combating any disease, whether of human beings, animals or plants.
15. Committee for control and supervision of experiments on animals. -
(1) If at any time, on the advice of the Board, the Central Government is of opinion that it is necessary so to do for the purpose of controlling and supervising experiments on animals, it may, by notification in the Official Gazette, constitute a Committee consisting of such number of officials and non-officials, as it may think fit to appoint thereto.
(2) The Central Government shall nominate one of the members of the Committee to be its Chairman.
(3) The Committee shall have power to regulate its own procedure in relation to the performance on of its duties.
(4) The funds of the Committee shall consist of grants made to it from time to time by the Government and of contributions, donations, subscriptions, bequests, gifts and the like made to it by any person.
16. Staff of the Committee. - Subject to the control of the Central Government, the Committee may appoint such number of officers and other employees as may be necessary to enable it to exercise its powers and perform its duties, and may determine the remuneration and other terms and conditions of service of such officers and other employees.
17. Duties of the Committee and power of the Committee to make rules relating to experiments on animals. -
(1) It shall be the duty of the Committee to take all such measures as may be necessary to ensure that animals are not subjected to unnecessary pain or suffering before, during or after the performance of experiments on them, and for that purpose it may, by notification in the Gazette of Indian and subject to the condition of previous publication, make such rules as it may think fit in relation to the conduct of such experiments.
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, rules made by the Committee shall be designed to secure the following objects, namely:-
(a) that in cases where experiments are performed in any institution, the responsibility therefor is placed on the person in charge of the institution and that, in case where experiments are performed outside n institution by individuals, the individuals are qualified in that behalf and the experiments are performed on their full responsibility;
(b) that experiments are performed with due care and humanity, and that as far as possible experiment involving operation are performed under the influence of some anaesthetic, are so influence of some anaesthetic of sufficient power to prevent the animals feeling pain;
(c) that animals which, in the course of experiments under the influence of anaesthetics, are so injured that their recovery would involve serious suffering , are ordinarily destroyed while still insensible,
(d) that experiment on animals are avoided wherever it is possible to do so; as for example , in medical schools, hospitals, colleges and the like, if other teaching devices such as books, models, films and the like may equally suffice;
(e) that experiments on larger animals are avoided wherever it is possible to achieve the same results by experiments upon small laboratory animals like guinea-pigs, rabbits, frogs and rats;
(f) that, as far as possible, experiments are not performed merely for the purpose of acquiring manual skill;
(g) that animals intended for the performance of experiments are properly looked after both before and after experiments;
(h) that suitable records are maintained with respect to experiments performed on animals.
(3) In making any rules under this section, the Committee shall be guided by such directions as the Central Government (consistently with the objects for which the committee is set up )may give to it, and the Central Government is hereby authorised to give such directions
(4) All rules made by the Committee shall be binding on all individuals performing experiments outside institutions and on persons in charge of institutions in which experiments are performed.
18. Power of entry and Inspection. - For the purpose of ensuring that the rules made by it are being complied with, the Committee may authorise any of its officers or any other persons in writing to inspect any institution or place where experiments are being carried on and report to it as a result of such inspection , and any officer or person so authorised may-
(a)enter at any time considered reasonable by him and inspect any institution or place in which experiments on animals are being carried on; and
(b) require any person to produce any record kept by him with respect to experiments on animals.
19. Power to prohibit experiments on animals. - If the Committee is satisfied, on the report of any officer or other person made to it as a result of any inspection under section 18 or otherwise, that the rules made it under section 17 are not being complied with by any person or institution carrying on experiments on animals, the Committee may, after giving an opportunity to the person or institution of being heard in the matter, by order, prohibit the person or indefinitely, or may allow the person or institution to carry on such experiments subject to such special conditions as the Committee may think fit to impose.
20. Penalties. - If any person-
(a) contravenes any order made by the Committee under section 19; or
(b) commits a breach of any condition imposed by the Committee under that section;
he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees, and when the contravention or breach of condition his taken place in any institution, the person in charge of the institution shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be punishable accordingly.
21. Exhibit and train defined. - In this Chapter, ``exhibit means exhibit at any entertainment to which the public are admitted through sale of tickets and ``train'' means train for the purpose of any such exhibition, and the expression ``exhibitor'' and ``trainer'' have respectively the corresponding meaning.
22. Restriction on exhibition of performing animals. - No person shall exhibit or train-
(i) any performing animal unless he is registered in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter;
(ii) as a performing animal, any animal which the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify as an animal which shall not be exhibited or trained as a performing animal.
23. Procedure for registration. -
(1) Every person desirous of exhibiting or training and performing animal shall, on making an application in the prescribed form to the prescribed authority and on payment of the prescribed fee, be registered under this Act unless he is a person who, by reason of an order made by the court under this Chapter, is not entitled to be so registered.
(2) An application for registration under this Chapter shall contain such particulars as to the animals and as to the general nature of the performance is which the animals are to be exhibited or for which they are to be trained as may be prescribed, and the particulars so given shall be entered in the register maintained by the prescribed authority.
(3) The prescribed authority shall give to every person whose name appears on the register kept by them, a certificate of registration in the prescribed form containing the particulars entered in the register.
(4) Every register kept under this Chapter shall at all reasonable times be open for inspection on payment of the prescribed fee, and any person shall, on payment of the prescribed fee, be entitled to obtain copies thereof or make extracts therefrom.
(5) Any person whose name is entered in the register shall, subject to the provisions of any order made under this Act by any court, be entitled, on making an application for the purpose, to have the particulars entered in the register with respect to him varied, and where any such particulars are so varied, the existing certificate shall be cancelled and a new certificate issued.
24. Power of court to prohibit restrict exhibition and training of performing animals. -
(1) Where it is proved to the satisfaction of any magistrate on a complaint made by a police officer or an officer authorised in writing by the prescribed authority referred to in section 23, that the training or exhibition of any performing animal has been accompanied by unnecessary pain or suffering and should be prohibited or allowed only subject to conditions, the court may make an order against the person in respect of whom the compliant is made, prohibiting the training or exhibition or imposing such condition is relation thereto, as may be specified by the order.
(2) Any court by which an order is made under this section shall cause a copy of the order to be sent, as soon as may be after the order is made, to the prescribed authority by which the person against whom the order is made is registered, and shall cause the particulars of the order to be endorsed upon the certificate held by that person, and that person shall produce his certificate on being so required by the court for the purposes of endorsement, and the prescribed authority to which a copy of an order is sent under this section shall enter the particulars of the order in that register.
25. Power to enter premises. -
(1) Any person authorised in writing by the prescribed authority referred to in section 23 and any police officer not below the rank of sub-inspector may-
(a) enter at all reasonable times and inspect any premises in which any performing animals are being trained or exhibited or kept for training or exhibition, and any such animals found therein; and
(b) requiring any person who, he has reason to believe, is a trainer or exhibitor of performing animals to produce his certificate of registration.
(2) No person or police officer referred to in sub-section (1) shall be entitled under this section to go on or behind the stage during a public performance of performing animals.
26. Offences. - If any person-
(a) not being registered under this Chapter, exhibits or trains any performing animal; or
(b) being registered under this Act, exhibits or trains any performing animal with respect to which, or in a manner with respect to which, he is not registered; or
(c) exhibits or trains as a performing animal, any animal which is not to be used for the purpose by reason of a notification issued under clause (ii) or section 22; or
(d) obstructs or wilfully delays any person or police officer referred to in section 25 in the exercise of power under this Act as to entry and inspection; or
(e) conceals any animal with a view to avoiding such inspection; or
(f) being a person registered under this Act, on being duly required in pursuance of this Act to provide his certificate under this Act, fails without reasonable excuse so to do; or
(g) applies to be registered under this Act when not entitled to be so registered.
he shall be punishable on conviction with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or with imprisonment, which may extent to three months, or with both.
27. Exemptions. - Nothing contained in this Chapter shall apply to-
(a) the training of animals for bona fide military or police purpose or the exhibition of any animals so trained; or
(b) any animals kept in any zoological garden or by any society or association which has for its principal object the exhibition of animals for educational or scientific purposes.
28. Saving as respects manner of killing prescribed by religion. - Nothing contained in this Act shall render it an offence to kill any animal in a manner required by the religion of any community.
29. Power of court to deprive person convicted of ownership of animal. -
(1) If the owner of any animal is found guilty of any offence under this Act, the court, upon his conviction thereof, may, if it thinks fit, in addition to any other punishment, make an order that the animal with respect to which the offence was committed shall be forfeited to Government and may, further, make such order as to the disposal of the animal as it thinks fit under the circumstances.
(2) No order under sub-section (1) shall be made unless it is shown by evidence as to a previous conviction under this Act or as to the character of the owner or otherwise as to the treatment of the animal that the animal, if left with the owner, is likely to be exposed to further cruelty.
(3) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-section (1), the court may also order that a person convicted of an offence under this Act shall, either permanently or during such period as is fixed by the order, be prohibited from having the custody of any animal of any kind whatsoever, or, as the court thinks, fit, of any animal of any kind whatsoever, or as the court thinks fit, of any animal of any king or species specified in to order.
(4) No order under sub-section (3) shall be made unless-
(a) it is shown by evidence as to a previous conviction or as to the character of the said person or otherwise as to the treatment of the animal in relation to which he has been convicted that an animal in the custody of the said person is likely to be exposed to cruelty;
(b) it is stated in the complaint upon which the conviction was made that it is the intention of the complainant upon the conviction of the accused to request that an order be made as aforesaid; and
(c) the offence for which the conviction was made was committed in an area in which under the law for the time being in force a licence is necessary for the keeping of any such animal as that in respect of which the conviction was made.
(5) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any law for the time being in force, any person in respect of whom an order is made under sub-section (3) have no right to the custody of any animal contrary to the provisions of the order, and if he contravenes the provisions of any order, he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees, or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or with both.
(6) Any court which has made an order under sub-section (3) may at any time, either on its own motion or on application made to it in this behalf, rescind or modify such order.
30. Presumption as to guilt in certain cases. - If any person is charged with the offence of killing a goat, cow or its progeny contrary to the provisions of clause (l) of sub-section (1) of section 11, and it is proved that such person had in his possession, at the time the offence is alleged to have been committed, the skin of any such animal as is referred to in this section with any part of the skin of the head attached thereto, it shall be presumed until the contrary is proved that such animal was killed in a cruel manner.
31. Cognizability of offences. - Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, an offence punishable under clause (l), clause (n) or clause (o) of sub-section (1) of section 11 or under section 12 shall be a cognizable offence within the meaning of that Code.
32. Powers of search and seizure. -
(1) If a police officer not below the rank of sub-inspector or any person authorised by the State Government in this behalf has reason to believe that an offence under clause (l) of sub-section (1) of section 11 in respect of any such animal as referred to in section 30 is being, or is about to be, or has been, committed in any place, or that any person has in his possession the skin of any such animal with any part of the skin of the head attached thereto, he may enter and search such place or any place in which he has reason to believe any such skin to be, and may seize such skin or any article or thing used or intended to be used in the commission of such offence.
(2) If a police officer not below the rank of sub-inspector, or any person authorised by the State Government in this behalf, has reason to believe that phooka or doom dev has just been, or is being performed on any animal within the limits of his jurisdiction, be may enter any place in which he has reason to believe such animal to be, and may seize the animal and produce it for examination by the veterinary officer in charge of the area in which the animal is seized.
33. Search warrants. -
(1) If a magistrate of the first or second class or a presidency magistrate or a sub-divisional magistrate or a commissioner of police, or district superintendent of police, upon information in writing, and after such inquiry as he thinks necessary, has reason to believe that an offence under this Act is being, or is about to be, or has been committed in any place, he may either himself enter and search or by his warrant authorise any police officer not below the rank of sub-inspector to enter an search the place.
(2) The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, relating to searches shall, so far as those provisions can be made applicable, apply to searches under this Act.
34. General power of seizure for examination. - Any police officer above the rank of a constable or any person authorised by the State Government in this behalf, who has reason to believe that an offence against this Act has been, committed in respect of any animal, may, if in his opinion the circumstances so require, seize the animal and produce the same for examination by the nearest magistrate or by such veterinary officer as may be prescribed, and such police officer or authorised person may, when seizing the animal, require the person in charge thereof to accompany it to the place of examination.
35. Treatment and care of animals. -
(1) The State Government may, by general or special order, appoint infirmaries for the treatment and care for animals in respect of which offences against this Act, have been committees, and may authorised the detention therein of animal pending its production before a magistrate.
(2) The magistrate before whom a prosecution for an offence against this Act, has been instituted may direct that the animal concerned shall be treated and cared for in an infirmary, until it is fit to perform its usual work or is otherwise fit for discharge, or that it shall be sent to a pinjrapole, , or if the veterinary officer in charge of the area in which the animal is found or such other veterinary officer as may be authorised in this behalf by rules made under this Act certificate that it is incurable or cannot be removed without cruelty, that it shall be destroyed.
(3) An animal sent for care and treatment to an infirmary shall not, unless the magistrate directs that it shall be sent to a pinjraple or that it shall be destroyed, be released from such place except upon a certificate of its fitness for discharge issued by the veterinary officer in charge of the area in which the infirmary is situated or such other veterinary officer as may be authorised in this behalf by rules made under this Act.
(4) The cost of transporting the animal to an infirmary or pinjrapole, and of its maintenance and treatment in an infirmary, shall be payable by the owner of the animals in accordance with a scale of rates to be prescribed by the district magistrate, or, in presidency -towns, by the commissioner of police:
(5) Any amount payable by an owner of an animal under subsection (4) may be recovered in the same manner as an arrear of land revenue.
(6) If the owner refuses or neglects to remove the animal within such time as a magistrate may specify, the magistrate may directed that the animal be sold and that the proceeds of the sale be applied to the payment of such cost.
(7) The surplus, if any, of the proceeds of such sale shall, on application made by the owner within two months from the date of the sale, be paid to him
36. Limitation of prosecutions. - A prosecution for an offence against this Act shall, not be instituted after the expiration of three months from the date of the commission of the offence.
37. Delegation of powers. - The Central Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, direct that all or any of the powers exercisable by it under this Act, may, . subject to such conditions as it may think fit to impose, be also exercisable by any State Government.
38. Power to make rules. -
(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, and subject to the condition of previous publication, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, the Central Government may make rules providing for all or any of the following matters, namely:-
(a) the terms and conditions of service of members of the Board, the allowances payable to them and the manner in which they may exercise their power and discharge their functions;
(b) the maximum load (including any load occasioned by the weight of passengers ) to be carried or drawn by any animal;
(c) the conditions to be observed for preventing the over crowding of animals;
(d) the period during which, and the hours between which, any class of animals shall not be used for draught purposes;
(e) prohibiting the use of any bit or harness involving cruelty to animals;
(f) requiring persons carrying on the business of a farrier to be licensed and registered by such authority as may be prescribed and levying a fee for the purpose;
(g) the precautions to be taken in the capture of animals for purpose of sale, export or for any other purpose, and the different appliances or devices that may alone be used for the purpose; and the licensing of such capture and the levying of fees for such licences
(h) the precautions to be taken in the transport of animals, whether by rail, road, inland waterway, sea or air and the manner in which and the cages or other receptacles in which they may be so transported
(i) requiring persons owning or in charge of premises in which animals are kept or milked to register such premises, to comply with such conditions as may be laid down in relation to the boundary walls or surrounding if such premises, to permit their inspection for the purpose of ascertaining whether any offence under this Act is being, or has been, committed therein and to expose in such premises copies of section 12 in a language or language commonly understood in the locality;
(j) the form in which applications for registration under Chapter V may be made, the particulars to be contained therein, the fees payable for such registration and the authorities to whom such applications may be made;
(k) the purpose to which fines realised under this Act may by applied, including such purposes as the maintenance of infirmaries, pinjrapoles and veterinary hospitals;
(l) any other matter which has to be, or may be, prescribed.
(3) If any person contravenes, or abets the contravention of, any rules made under this section, he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees, or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or with both.
(4) Every rule made by the Central Government under this section shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session in which it is so laid or the session immediately following, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule, or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may, be, so however that such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.
39. Persons authorised under section 34 to be public servants. - Every person authorised by the State Government under section 34 shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860. ).
40. Indemnity. - No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against any person who is, or who is deemed to be, a public servant within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860. ) in respect of anything in good faith good or intended to be done under this Act.
41. Repeal of Act II of 1890. - Where in pursuance of a notification under sub-section (3) of section 1 any provision of this Act comes into force in any State, any provision of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1890 (II of 1890. ), which corresponds to the provision so coming into force, shall thereupon stand repealed.